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How to define Naive Art style?
What is Naive art?
What is naive art, and how do you define naive art? Nave painting is a style of art that was started by artists like Henri Rousseau who didn't know much about art. Most of the time, nave art is defined as visual art made by someone who hasn't had the training and education that a professional artist does. When a professional artist tries to copy this style, it is often called "primitivism."
What is the definition of Naive art?
Nave art is usually defined as visual art made by someone who doesn't have the formal training and education that a professional artist does (in anatomy, art history, technique, perspective, ways of seeing). When a trained artist tries to copy this style, it is sometimes called primitivism, pseudo-nave art, or fake nave art.
Unlike folk art, nave art doesn't have to come from a specific popular cultural context or tradition. In fact, at least in advanced economies and since the Printing Revolution, it's impossible not to know about the local fine art tradition, which has spread through popular prints and other media. Naive artists know about "fine art" conventions like graphical perspective and compositional conventions, but they can't or don't use them to their full potential. Outsider art (also called "art brut"), on the other hand, refers to works that come from a similar background but have little to do with the mainstream art world.
Nave art is known for being simple and honest like a child, and this is why it is often copied. This kind of painting usually has a flat style of drawing and a simple way of showing depth. Henri Rousseau, a French Post-Impressionist who lived from 1844 to 1910 and was discovered by Pablo Picasso, was one of the most important painters of "naive art."
There has been some disagreement about what the term means and where it "ends" with other terms like folk art and outsider art. Nave art is usually used to describe works of fine art made by self-taught artists, like paintings and sculptures. Folk art, on the other hand, refers to things that can be used in everyday life. But this difference has been argued about. "Provincial" is another word that can be used, especially for paintings and buildings. It is mostly used to describe work by artists who have had some traditional training but whose work falls short of metropolitan or court standards by accident.
What are the characteristics of Naive art?
People often think of nave art as work by an outsider who hasn't had (or hasn't had much) training or a degree. Before the 20th century, this was true, but now there are schools for naive art. Naive art is now a fully recognized type of art that can be seen in galleries all over the world.
The features of nave art don't fit well with the formal aspects of painting, especially when the three rules of perspective aren't followed (as described by the Progressive Painters of the Renaissance):
- The size of things gets smaller as they get farther away,
- Colors change as you get farther away, -Details become less clear as you get farther away,
Here are the results:
- The effects of perspective are geometrically wrong (they look like children's drawings or paintings from the Middle Ages, but that's where the comparison ends).
- Strong use of pattern, unrefined color on all the plans of the composition, without enfeeblement in the background. -Equal attention to details, including those in the background that should be shaded off.
People say that naive art is easy to spot because it is not complicated. It has become so popular and well-known, though, that many examples could be called "pseudo-naive."
"Pseudo nave" or "faux nave" art is the work of an artist who is more imitative or self-conscious and whose work looks more copied than original. "Nave" art is the work of an artist who did not go to art school or academy, like Henri Rousseau or Alfred Wallis.
Since Autodidactism has become more popular as a way to learn in modern times, strict naiveté is not likely to be found in modern artists. Living artists don't always like naive categorizations, but this is likely to change as more dignifying signals become known. There are now museums for naive art in Kecskemét, Hungary; Kovaica, Serbia; Riga, Latvia; Jaen, Spain; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Vicq, France; and Paris. Gary Bunt, Lyle Carbajal, Gabe Langholtz, Gigi Mills, Barbara Olsen, Paine Proffitt, and Alain Thomas are all English-speaking living artists who admit to having a naive style.
"Primitive art" is another term that people who haven't studied art often use to describe it. Historically, though, it has been used more to describe art from cultures that Western academia has deemed "primitive" socially or technologically, like Native American, sub-Saharan African, and Pacific Island art (see Tribal art). This is different from the "primitive"-inspired, self-aware movement called "primitivism." Folk art is another term that is similar to nave art but not the same thing.
There are also the terms "navism" and "primitivism," which are usually used to describe professional painters who use nave art as their style (like Paul Gauguin, Mikhail Larionov, Paul Klee).
What are the characteristics of Naive paintings?
Nave art is sometimes used to describe art made by people with no professional training or degrees. Before the 20th century, this was true, but now there are academies for nave painting. Now, naive art is a well-known form of art that can be seen in galleries all over the world. The formal parts of painting are strangely similar to the things that make up nave art, especially when it comes to not following the three rules of perspective.
-As things get farther away, their sizes get smaller.
-As you move away from a color, it becomes less vivid.
-As you move away, details become less clear.
One of the results is that the effects of perspective are wrong from a geometric point of view. There is no weakening of the background in any of the composition's plans, and there are many patterns. The same amount of care was given to all of the details, even the ones in the background that should be darker.
People say that nave art is easy to recognize because it doesn't have a lot of details. But because it's become such a well-known style, many pieces can be put into the pseudo-nave or Primitivism categories. Autodidactism is becoming more popular as a way to learn, so strict naivety isn't something you see often in artists today.
Living artists may not always accept simple categorizations, but this is likely to change as more dignifying signals become available.
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