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¿Cómo definir estilo Arte Pop ?
What is meant by Pop paintings?
The 1950s saw the birth of one of the most significant modern art movements, Pop art. Paintings that celebrated everyday life in the most literal sense were produced, which was in stark contrast to traditional artistic technique. These paintings often drew on imagery from commercial media such as comic books, advertisements, and product packaging.
What is the history of Pop painting?
Pop art paitings were the result of a figurative art movement, called Pop art, that began in Britain in the 1950s and gained widespread popularity in the United States throughout the 1960s. Pop Paintings was influenced by mainstream culture, everyday life, advertisements, and comics. It implies a sense of humorlessness or what is generally regarded as offensive taste. Pop art was coined by British artist Richard Hamilton in 1957; he envisioned a movement in which works could be copied and reproduced endlessly; these works would be bold, sexual, and full of life. Pop paintings is also characterized by its use of bright and bold colors.
While there are many similarities between English and American Pop paintings, there are also some key distinctions. The paintings have the tendency to be more strident and accusatory toward consumer culture from a British perspective. When compared to the American Pop Art paintings, the Italian ones were more lighter and focused more on depicting the feelings and symbols of popular culture. Artists like Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol are household names even today, and their contributions to Pop Art paintings are still widely recognized.
What are the characteristics of Pop paintings?
Pop Art paintings are Commercial Art, a reproducible Art form of the seemingly timeless emblems for the public, formed outside the galleries of the elite and from the symbols of daily life.
The 'culture' that was shaping people's lives, perspectives, and habits became a source of inspiration for painters, who began using symbols and references that referred directly to commonplace objects, brands, and mass symbols. Artists and their audiences could see themselves reflected in these "icons of modern civilization."
Celebrity names, likenesses, and logos were everywhere, appearing in billboards, on grocery shelves, and even in the pantry. They were the ubiquitous icons of what we now call "Pop Culture."
Celebrity culture, which originated in the 1920s with the biggest names in Hollywood before World War II, reached its peak in the 1950s and 1960s. There was an air of "pop culture" towards famous faces and their reputations. It, at present, continues to influence both painting and the lives of contemporary artists, in which space continues to be given to the aforementioned change in emphasis on celebrity.
Painters quickly rose to fame after they began employing stock imagery, having discovered the power of these instantly recognizable emblems. The art scene was more star-studded than ever.
What are the painting techniques and subjects of Pop art?
Among the many technological revolutions that have touched the history of painting, one of the most significant is certainly acrylic painting, a paint made from a combination of pigments, resin and turpentine. In comparison with traditional oil paint, acrylic has numerous advantages: it dries incredibly quickly, doesn't need varnish and is highly durable. Several Pop Art artists preferred using this more modern paint.
The popularization of silk screen printing, a stencil printing technique, also contributed to Pop Art's success. Examples of American Pop Art are often printed in series (using silk screens or other techniques) and created using a range of innovative industrial processes. These innovations were initially largely discredited and even subject to scorn until two key figures of the Pop Art movement emerged and helped promote these techniques.
Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein were among the pioneers to openly express their preference for these new methods. By appropriating these techniques, which had once been exclusively used in an industrial context, the two major Pop Art figures revolutionized the art world. Contemporary painting had been popularized since and an artwork's value is no longer measured by its rarity or by the subject depicted.
American Pop Art turned its back on a long artistic tradition and paved the way for post-modern contemporary art, taking everyday objects from mass culture as its subjects (Campbell's soup, Coca-Cola). Subjects were intentionally chosen because they were banal, popular and ordinary.
To reinforce the movement's drastic break from the fine arts and its traditional subject matter, artists worked with a bright color palette, essentially using primary colors: red, yellow and blue. The use of vivid colors can be found in dozens, if not hundreds of kitsch Pop Art paintings.
The movement was critical of consumer society and often ironically used famous figures from popular culture - Marilyn Monroe, Mick Jagger, Mickey Mouse, Audrey Hepburn - to convey their criticism. These illustrations, which are reminiscent of advertisements or comic strips, are characterized by their use of very simple lines and minimalist details.
The desire to desacralize art is also reminiscent of the ideas of Dada or Marcel Duchamp's avant-gardism. However, for American and British Pop Art, their main goal was to ensure that culture was made accessible to the largest number of people possible. The Pop style made its mark very quickly and simultaneously created a new style of painting. Pop Art's philosophy emphasizes the power of images, the industrialized consumer society's new fetish. Nonetheless, from the 1970s onwards, many of the movement's artists decided to abandon Pop Art for other protest art movements.
What about today's Pop Painting?
The influence of the Pop artists' paintings continues to grow. In reality, even though the end of this movement is tied to the terrible death of Andy Warhol, many characteristics of the culture and the key artworks are still influential today.
Nevertheless, Pop Art painting is not simply about the repeating vivid silkscreen prints of Campbell’s Soup Cans. It's a hugely varied trend that nonetheless represents the modern world's fixation on symbols, logos, and brands of all kinds.
Different techniques, such as oil paints, acrylics, lithography, drawings, graphics, fabrics - the boundaries of Pop Art paintings are difficult to define.
Unquestionably, Pop Art has had a huge amount of success, influencing the vocabulary of many modern artists all over the world. Celebrities, mass production, and consumer culture have all received a lot of attention since the 1960s and continue to do so now.
Today, however, Neo-Pop paintings portray the same objects and subjects that Pop did, but they do so in a more refined manner. The realm of Street Art has become more centered on the icons of current day and graphic imagery of publicity. It is doing what Pop did: giving 'poor' Art and popular symbols a higher status.
Just as Keith Haring’s simple figures covered New York in the 80s, going about London now we discover a series of incredibly emotive characters painted solely with a few basic lines - works by British Graffiti artist Stik.
Works by Stik have been featured at prestigious art exhibitions and sold at auctions. His work is distinctive in color and shape, displaying a cutting-edge variety of Pop art. Its repeatability, legibility, iconic nature and appeal are a clear allusion to Keith Haring’s works.
But now the digital domain has taken center stage, blending and borrowing from the visual culture of games, influencers, and the digital consumer world. As the digital and physical limits of reproduction are approached, it's as though the Pop Art movement is still developing and being discovered.
Today, the term "pop culture" encompasses a wider range of signs, fictitious and non-fictional characters and imagery. Instead than wondering if Pop Art is a passing fad, perhaps we might consider how it encouraged artists and the general public to explore the field's expanding possibilities.
Who are the most famous Pop painters?
Andy Warhol (1928-1987)
The most important figure in Pop Art paintings is certainly Andy Warhol. The artist eventually became a well-known star in his own right. Informed by his knowledge of so-called "star culture," commercialism, and the power of the media, he made these concerns central to his art and his life. Artist’s workspace, often referred to as "the Factory," attracted other influential figures and amplified Andy Warhol's name recognition. The artist exemplifies everything that this social and cultural revolution stands for. Art, fashion, and design today still draw inspiration from Warhol's groundbreaking and singular approach to the visual arts. In fact, director Gus Van Sant has just revealed that he is adapting the musical Andy in honor of this icon. Additionally, an impromptu duet between Warhol and the legendary art critic Clement Greenberg will be featured to underscore the unconventional nature and significance of Warhol's contributions to the art world. The Andy Warhol Foundation and Christie's auction house collaborated to sell five paintings by Andy Warhol as NFTs at auction in May 2021.
Keith Haring (1958-1990)
The American Keith Allen Haring got his start as a "Street Artist," spray-painting murals and writing graffiti on New York City's sidewalks and subway cars. "My dad produced cartoon characters for me, and they were very similar to the way I started to draw—with one line and a cartoon outline," he recalled. The artist attended the University of Pittsburgh for his undergraduate degree in Commercial Art, but he soon transferred to New York City, where he would go on to become a legendary figure in the fields of Graffiti and Pop Art. Artist’s instantly recognizable imagery spoke for the 1980s underground in its support of AIDS education and drug testing. They even showed his art at the Whitney and the Venice Biennale. In April of 1986, Haring founded the Pop Shop to sell items with his artwork in the Soho neighborhood of Manhattan. When questioned about this, the artist defended himself by saying, "I could earn more money if I just painted a few things and pushed the price up." What I started doing in the subway stations, blurring the lines between high and low art, continues in my business.
Roy Lichtenstein (1923-1997)
Roy Fox Lichtenstein, one of the founding figures of Pop Art, is a household name. His distinctive artistic voice has established him as a leading figure in the field. In November 2015, Christie's sold for a record $95.4 million a Lichtenstein work entitled "Nurse." A common theme in this and other works is the use of enlarged images from advertisements and comic books with recognizable characters to emphasize the absurdity of everyday scenes. This artist recast Pop Art as Industrial Art rather than American Art. He was influenced by comic books with war and love stories, whatever I could use as emotionally strong subject matter contrary to distant and intentional pictorial approaches.
George Condo (1957-current)
George Condo is a modern visual artist who has worked at Andy Warhol's Factory as a painter, drawer, sculptor, and printmaker. He is a renowned artist whose signature style was inspired by the Pop narrative. In the 1980s, he combined the styles of the Old European Masters and American Pop Art in what he called "Artificial Realism," which he defined as "the realistic representation of something which is artificial." Recent paintings by Condo depict humanoid figures in a comedic, grotesque, and cartoonish setting. He calls this style, "Psychological Cubism," and it continues to be a major force in the modern art world.
Yoshimoto Nara (1959-current)
Tokyu-based Japanese artist Nara Yoshimoto is very much in the thick of things these days. His characters are ludicrous in their simplicity. They may resemble children or household animals at first glance, but their strange looks, stances, or weaponry can be very unnerving. Yoshimoto's work has been described as "superflat" and "pop," expanding the iconography, cultural icons, and symbols typically associated with early works of Pop Art, much like that of another artist, Takashi Murakami.
Takashi Murakami (1962-current)
Nara Yoshimoto has an important ally in Takashi Murakami, without whom the Japanese cultural scene would be lost. Murakami blurred the boundaries between fine art and commercial art with his works inspired by Japanese cultural symbols. His works, created in his native Tokyo, often feature repeated patterns and anime characters rendered in vivid colors on large canvases or as life-size sculptures. He popularized the expression "superflat," now commonly used to refer to the aesthetic tradition of Japan.
Damien Hirst (1965-current)
Without a question, the English artist, entrepreneur, and collector Damien Hirst has dominated the art world with his remarkable and divisive presence. He organized the influential 'Freeze' art event as a student and went on to win the Turner Prize, making him a key figure in the formation of the influential YBAs (Young British Artists) movement of the 1990s. Although conceptual in nature, his works have a profound impact on listeners all over the world and may be safely classified as Pop. Death is a major motif in his work, as it was in that of Andy Warhol. He frequently uses Pop Art styles, referencing the consumer culture through symbols, forceful visuals, and contentious iconography.
Muralist who works undercover The street artist known as "Banksy" is currently the most famous in his field. His controversial Street Art pieces have catapulted him to international stardom. His primary tools are spray paint and stencils, and his aesthetic has deep roots in the tradition of Street Art. The social and political climates of our day are the subject of his writings. His most recognizable works have become icons in their own right, despite the fact that he does not fit well into any preexisting categories for Pop Art artists.
Nick Castello (1978-current)
Modern German artist Niclas Castello is heavily influenced by Pop Art. His work, which is often about fashion and capitalism and was inspired by the Street artist Invader, is striking and iconic. His 'The Kiss' sculptures propelled him to fame; they take on a gigantic quality not unlike that of Jeff Koons' shiny, metallic balloons or Claes Oldenburg's huge copies of commonplace objects. His art typically combines Neo-Expressionist and Street Art styles with a Neo-Pop spin on themes popularized by more established Pop artists.
Tom Wesselmann (1931-2004)
Tom Wesselmann was an American artist who dabbled in sculpture, painting, and collage. His work has garnered new attention in the years since his death. He gave Pop Art's standard fare a strikingly poetic spin. Traditional topics, such as the naked, still life, and landscape were studied in his work, and he also used commercial imagery and commonplace items into his compositions. Using vivid color palettes, he creates strange, dreamlike, and illusory settings in his art.
Mimmo Rotella (1918-2006)
Domenico Rotella, better known by his artistic pseudonym Mimmo Rotella, was a prolific Italian artist in the latter half of the twentieth century. It is generally agreed that he is among the most significant figures in postwar European art. His décollage paintings were similar to those of the Ultra-Lettrists, Nouveau Réalisme, and the Pop Art movement. Using this method, he assembled a collection of damaged and slashed posters into a very expressive and potent aesthetic whole.
Rauschenberg Robert (1925-2008)
American painter, printmaker, photographer, and performance artist Robert Rauschenberg was also a graphic artist. Even though he has been labeled a "Neo-Dadaist," there are many who claim he predicted the Pop Art trend. His goal was to create something "in the space between the two," as "painting pertains to both art and life," as he put it. It is said that Rauschenberg used found objects he found on the streets of New York. Serigraphy, a method commonly employed by Pop Artists, allowed him to incorporate discovered images into his canvases.
Richard Hamilton (1922-2011)
Artist Richard Hamilton was a pioneer in the field of Pop Art in Britain. His work was heavily influenced by his training in Commercial Art, as it was for many painters of the same era. His collage posed the question, "What is it about contemporary dwellings that is so novel and appealing?" The exhibition poster and catalogue for a show at London's Whitechapel Gallery both prominently featured his art, which brought him a massive amount of attention and highlighted the significance of his work. He also participated in the influential British Pop Art group known as the "Independent Group."
Rosenquist James (1933-2017)
Without a shadow of a doubt, James Rosenquist is another of Pop Art's most prominent and well-known artists. When compared to other prominent Pop Art figures like Warhol and Lichtenstein, he stands tall among the elite. While his early career was spent as a sign painter, his latter work dove headfirst into the cinematic and advertising worlds. James Rosenquist made use of tried-and-true methods for generating Commercial Art. His pieces look like a chaotic hodgepodge of oversized versions of iconic modern items like lipstick and spaghetti.
Robert Indiana (1928-2018)
Known for producing memorable works, American artist Robert Indiana has had a lasting impact on the field of Design. He had a varied and exciting career as a scenographer and costume designer. Big, flamboyant words like "EAT" and "HOPE" were among those he utilized. Pop influences are readily apparent in his work, particularly in the way he emphasizes the commercial potential of these snappy, attention-grabbing phrases. His sculpture "LOVE" (1970) became his most famous work and has been copied many times over.
Ramos Mel (1935-2018)
Artist American figurative painter Mel Ramos had ancestors from the Azores and Portugal. Pop art advocate and professor, his works frequently featured naked women and blended abstract and realistic elements. His art was shown in many group exhibitions, often next to that of Roy Lichtenstein and Andy Warhol. In fact, he was an early practitioner of the art of comic strip illustration. His works have a sly sense of humor that sets him apart from other Pop painters. The significance of his symbols and themes is subtly different from that which they have in the works of others.
Pushwagner Hariton (1940-2018)
Hariton Pushwagner, aka Norwegian Pop Artist Terje Brofos. He was also a painter and graphic designer, and he could serve a mean aces on the tennis court. Following his time at the Olso State College of Art and Design, he spent a great deal of time trying out many approaches before settling on one that would bring him fame. His writings feature stylized cartoon characters, which may have been inspired by his admiration for the novels of Norwegian novelist Axel Jensen. The stories they tell are astounding, and the illustrations are striking and powerful.
Apple Billy (1935-2021)
Billy Apple, whose real name was Barrie Bates, was a New Zealand painter and sculptor. His paintings have deep roots in the American and British Pop Art movements of the 1960s and the Conceptual Art scene of the 1970s. He worked with numerous Pop artists, including the legendary Andy Warhol. After attending the prestigious Royal College of Art in London, he decided to adopt a new identity and make himself more easily recognizable by bleaching his hair and eyebrows. In addition to being an early adopter of neon art, he also pioneered the independent art space. Several groups of artists congregated there, including members of Fluxus and many Conceptual Artists.
Thiebaud Wayne (1920-current)
Renowned worldwide, Wayne Thiebaud is well known for his paintings of commonplace items found in restaurants and cafes. The unique painting style he has developed has led some to argue that, despite his status as a well-known Pop Art artist, he stands apart from the mainstream. He rejected the terms "fine art" and "commercial art" and did not identify as a Pop artist. His topics frequently had a strong relationship to the Pop Art movement, despite his dislike of its "flat" and "mechanical" aesthetic.
Alex Katz (1927-current)
American sculptor, painter, and printmaker Alex Katz is well-known for his figurative works. He has consistently produced innovative and thought-provoking pieces that may now be found in the world's finest exhibitions, collections, and institutions. New York-born and Jewish, Alex Katz rose to fame in the '80s. He is most known for his large-scale flat and boldly colored paintings, which he painted in a distinctive style that has ties to Abstract Expressionism and Pop Art.
Yayoi Kusama (1929-current)
Yayoi Kusama, a contemporariest from Japan, is widely regarded as one of the most influential artists working today. Her works span sculpture, installation, performance, cinema, fashion, poetry, fiction, and painting and are influenced by Conceptual Art, Feminism, Minimalism, Surrealism, Art Brut, Abstract Expressionism, and (of course) Pop Art. Attracted by the dynamic and powerful American Pop Art culture, Yayoi Kusama relocated to New York City in 1958, but she has since moved back to Japan. With her all-encompassing sculptures, she put into practice what she had learned about infinity, and she frequently incorporates autobiographical, psychological, and sexual themes.
Jasper Johns (1930-current)
Abstract expressionism, neo-dadaism, and pop art are all associated with American painter, sculptor, and printmaker Jasper Johns. He spent a couple semesters at Parson's School of Design after moving to New York from Allendale, South Carolina, in 1949. Almost immediately after, he made his way onto the art scene with pieces that highlighted the direct connection between reality and representation. Famous for patriotic art, his works have been used to depict the American flag. However, calligraphy, newspaper printing, numbers, textures, and maps also feature prominently in his works. His works regularly set auction records for the highest amount paid for a piece of art by a living artist.
Peter Blake (1932-current)
British Pop musician Peter Blake is a household name. Elements of commercial art, such as collage, were frequently used into his compositions, as were recognizable emblems and cultural icons. He designed numerous iconic pieces of art, including the album cover for The Beatles' 'Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band,' two albums by The Who, the cover of a Band Aid single, and the poster for Live Aid. Having contributed significantly to the arts, he was knighted in 2002 for his efforts.
James Gill (1934-current)
Pop Art often refers to the work of American artist James Gill. His "Marilyn Triptych" (1962) is a museum staple ever since it was acquired by the Museum of Modern Art. James Gill's art takes its cues from modern pop culture and its most recognizable symbols, yet its underlying ideas are decidedly political. There is a critical depth to his work that sheds a gloomy, melancholy light on weighty social and political topics like the Vietnam War. He returned to art in 2010 after a nearly 30-year hiatus, and since then his works have focused primarily on pop iconography of celebrities, peacefully merging realism and abstraction in terms of technique.
Jim Dine (1935)
It was Jim Dine (1935-current) who coined the term "slob. Jim Dine is another world-famous artist who has been featured in over three hundred solo exhibitions at prestigious museums and galleries. His oeuvre spans a wide variety of mediums, from painting and drawing to printmaking, sculpture, photography, and even assemblage and occurrences in his earlier works. Some of the art movements to which he has been linked include Neo-Dada, Abstract Expressionism, and Pop Art. In truth, he was a part of the New Dada movement, along with artists like Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg, despite his desire to distance himself from the iconoclastic tendencies of Pop Art. Inspired by his doubts about the authority of iconic symbols, he created a personal symbology out of tools, hearts, and birds that was both widely recognizable and charmingly infantile.
Hockney David (1937-current)
Here we see the work of David Hockney, who is another prominent figure in the British Pop Art movement of the 1960s and '70s. Hockney is widely considered to be one of the most influential British Pop artists of all time. He is also a skilled draftsman, printer, set designer, and photographer. His paintings, which blend figurative elements with a pop aesthetic, include highly expressive yet instantly recognizable locations. His paintings have consistently set new records at auction, most recently with the sale of "Double Portrait" at Christie's for $90 million.
Ruscha Edward (1937-current)
Edward Ruscha is a native American artist who is currently based in California and whose work is shown at the Gagosian Gallery. His creative output includes both still and moving image media. Artworks by Jasper Johns, Marcel Duchamp, and Edward Hopper were especially influential on him. His early works have strong ties to the Pop Art movement and the Beat Generation, and he graduated from the Chouinard Art Institute in 1960. However, Dada, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, and Conceptual Art are all present in these works.
Peter Max (1937-current)
Peter Max is a German-American artist whose work from the 1960s, Culture and Aesthetics, is distinguished by its use of bold color and graphic images. In the field of Graphic Design, his work has been linked to the Psychedelic, Counterculture, Neo-Expressionism, and Pop Art movements. He frequently uses a wide variety of symbols and icons in his artwork. His topical approach has landed him commissions from performers like Bob Dylan and the first "Preserve the Environment" postage stamp.
What are some of the famous Pop paintings?
A Bigger Splash (1967) – David Hockney
A Bigger Splash, Hockney's most well-known canvas, is a massive pop art painting that measures 242.5 cm 243.9 cm (95.5 in 96.0 in). A Los Angeles pool basks in the warm sunlight is represented. In addition to the pool, there is a pink modernist building, an empty chair, and a few slender palm trees in the canvas. Furthermore, the adjoining building may be seen reflected in the pink building's window glass. The absence of humans is, nevertheless, what makes the art so intriguing. The audience sees the splash but isn't told who dove in. Hockney carefully crafted A Bigger Splash, which is a simplification and expansion of his prior works titled "A Little Splash" (1966) and "The Splash" (1966). Hockey reflected on the painting, saying, "I understood that a splash could never be viewed this way in real life, it happens too rapidly." And because this delighted me so much, I painted it very, very slowly.
Flag (1955) – Jasper Johns
One of the most well-known contemporary artists is Jasper Johns. His influence on art movements from the 1950s to the present may be seen throughout the spectrum, from Abstract Expressionism and Neo-Dada to Pop Art. Johns was one of the painters that helped establish the Pop Art movement's emphasis on mass production and consumer culture. Flags, targets, and maps are prominent themes in his Pop Art pieces. His most famous piece, "Flag," is widely considered a masterpiece of Pop Art. According to legend, he came up with the idea after dreaming about the American flag. In Johns's first solo show, which he had when he was 24, he displayed this piece. After the overwhelming response to Flag, Johns produced over 40 other pieces inspired by the American flag.
Whaam! (1963) – Roy Lichtenstein
Although Andy Warhol is still the best known American Pop Art artist, Roy Lichtenstein's Whaam! is better known. It is one of several works by the artist depicting an aerial battle. Whaam! is based on the work of cartoonist Irv Novick, whom Lichtenstein met during his three years of military service in the United States, from 1943 to 1946. The canvas depicts a fighter plane, inspired by comic book imagery, firing a rocket that hits another plane, causing it to burst into flames. The Whaam! canvas is known for its attention to both color and texture. The work gently depicts and parodies conventional images of modern America's heroes.
President Elect (1960-61) - James Rosenquist
Rosenquist, like many pop artists, was interested in how the media inflated the stature of certain public figures. The artist captures John F. Kennedy's likeness in his painting The President-Elect, which features a variety of common goods, such as a yellow Chevrolet and a slice of cake, among others. Rosenquist removed the three components from their original mass media setting and arranged them in a collage, which he then replicated with photorealistic detail on a gigantic scale. Specifically, as Rosenquist explains, the image came from a Kennedy political advertisement. At the time it was a very interesting tool for the artist, who was particularly fascinated by "self-promoters." He wondered, in fact, why they had chosen to advertise themselves? This curiosity explains some of the work's details: the car appears halfway and the cake appears stale. Rosenquist's ability to incorporate political and social commentary using popular iconography is on full display in this monumental piece, as is his facility in integrating separate images through fusion, interconnection, and juxtaposition.
Drowning Girl (1963) - Roy Lichtenstein
Lichtenstein became famous in the early 1960s as a pioneering Pop artist for paintings based on popular comics. Lichtenstein was the first artist to focus solely on cartoon imagery, but others like Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns had employed pop culture references in their works. Along with Andy Warhol, his work marked the beginning of the Pop Art movement and, in many ways, the end of Abstract Expressionism as the dominating style of the time. In Drowning Girl, for example, the original artwork featured the girl's boyfriend perched on a boat above her, but Lichtenstein removed him from the composition in order to create a new, dramatic one. Re-appropriating this symbolic characteristic of commercial art for his paintings, Lichtenstein further challenged preconceived notions of what constitutes "fine" art by reducing the text of the comic book panels to serve as another, vital visual element. To a large extent, as with the rest of Pop Art, Lichtenstein leaves it up to the viewer to decide whether he is praising or criticizing the comic book picture and the wider cultural realm to which it belongs.
Campbell’s Soup Cans (1962) - Andy Warhol
Andy Warhol, a Pop artist born in the United States, began his series Campbell's Soup Cans in the latter half of 1961 and finished it in April of 1962. The silkscreen printing procedure was used to imprint the image of one of 32 different Campbell's soup varieties onto 32 separate canvases. As so, it serves as a model of the movement's signature artistic appropriation of mass-market commercial products. Warhol's first solo show was at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles, and it was there that ampbell's Soup Cans made its debut. There is consensus that this show marked the introduction of Pop art on the West Coast of the United States. In the early 1950s, when Warhol's exhibition opened, Abstract Expressionism was the preeminent art movement. Warhol's Campbell's Soup Cans were considered as a snub and affront to the conventional ideologies by diehard fans of the abstract movement. Although Warhol's delivery may appear to be devoid of criticism, this was done on purpose; Warhol took tremendous joy in finding beauty in what others might dismiss as banal or unremarkable.
Crack is Wack (1986) - Keith Haring
One of the most recent works of contemporary art on our list, Crack is Wack was painted on a wall in 1986 by Keith Haring. He is an American Pop artist who came to New York to study classical art but instead discovered the burgeoning street art scene there, where he could express himself freely via depictions of urban life and the pressing social issues of his time. On the junction of 128th Street and 2nd Avenue in New York City, a mural was painted on the wall of a handball court. Haring intended the mural to be a visual warning against the hazards of drug usage, particularly the widespread use of crack cocaine. An ominous skeleton with a crack pipe and a burning dollar bill stands in front of a crowd of people in the vivid red mural. Officials initially denied Haring permission to paint the mural, but he went ahead and did it anyway because he thought it was important. To him, it was a way to make a powerful visual statement about the crack epidemic and hopefully discourage young people from trying it. To be more specific, it was a major issue for the working poor and the homeless. The City Parks Department was responsible for safeguarding it, and visitors can still see it today.
Marylin Diptych (1962) - Andy Warhol
Although one of Andy Warhol's other works has already been discussed on this list, the inclusion of the "Marylin Diptych," which remains to this day one of the most recognized Pop art portraits even if the viewer is unfamiliar with the art style, is essential. The iconic photo was first used in 1953 for a marketing shot promoting the film Niagra. The fifty images span the width of the canvas in two columns, the left one painted in vibrant primary colors and the right one left in greyscale and fading out toward the end. As of 2004, it was ranked as the third most consequential work of modern art.
M-Maybe (1965) - Roy Lichtenstein
Roy Lichtenstein, a famous American pop artist, would have wanted all his works to appear completely mechanical and rigid. As a rule, he was inspired by comic books, particularly action and children's comics. M-Maybe is Lichtenstein's classic woman, strikingly attractive, blond and seemingly awaiting the arrival of a special man. She says, "Maybe he got sick and couldn't leave the studio," but we all know that "he" did not get sick and forgot about her from the beginning. After 1963 Lichtenstein began to paint his women-cartoons consistently. M-Maybe work was sold in 1965, the year it was completed. The value of Lichtenstein's works increased, reaching several thousand dollars. The previous owner thought M-Maybe was worth $12,000, but he sold it to German collector Peter Ludwig for $30,000. A man who knew exactly what he wanted to buy.
On the Balcony (1957) - Peter Blake
On the Balcony, by English pop artist Peter Blake, was a groundbreaking work for the genre when it was first exhibited in 1957. "The artwork looks like a collage but is actually painted entirely from scratch. It depicts a group of people sitting on a bench and staring directly at the viewer. According to Jessica Nelligan, an arts blogger at Write my X and Brit Student, "the painting is a famous example of early pop art."
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Con la misión de crear un mercado en línea que sea simple, seguro y rentable para los artistas de todo el mundo, Artmajeur ha creado la primera galería de arte virtual global del mundo con más de 10 millones de visitantes. Artmajeur le ofrece precios exclusivos en obras de arte originales de artistas internacionales emergentes y establecidos, que se envían a todo el mundo en 24 a 48 horas a su puerta de forma gratuita. ¡Disfruta de nuestra selección de obras de arte originales e impresiones de alta calidad que serán un regalo perfecto o decorarán tus paredes con estilo!Explore nuestras colecciones en Artmajeur, su galería de arte en línea con más de 2 millones de obras de todo el mundo.